Heart Disease continues to be the leading cause of death for both men and women in the United States. This year, over 630,000 Americans will have a heart attack for the first time and 280,000 will have a recurrent heart attack.
At LVWellness & Aesthetics, we believe most people who develop Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) could have prevented it in the first place with appropriate and timely cardiovascular screenings.
We not only believe in specialized lab testing, but feel lifestyle modifications through hormonal optimization, dietary changes, exercise and weight loss can make a huge impact on one’s cardiovascular health.
We evaluate the following lipids and inflammatory risk factors through Cleveland Heart Laboratories.
For more information on a cardiovascular screening, and how you can take the next step to a healthier lifestyle, please call our office and our staff can assist you with any questions you may have.
We evaluate the following:
ApoB is the primary apolipoprotein found on the surface of LDL (the carrier of “bad” cholesterol), IDL (intermediate-density lipoprotein), VLDL (very low-density lipoprotein) and Lp(a) (lipoprotein (a)). ApoB acts as a magnet for LDL receptors on various cells throughout the body, thereby regulating cholesterol influx into tissues. ApoA1 is the major apolipoprotein of HDL (the carrier of “good” cholesterol) and promotes cholesterol efflux from the artery wall to the liver for excretion.
LDL, which carries “bad” cholesterol, exists either as large, more buoyant particles or as smaller, more dense particles (sdLDL). sdLDL is more easily oxidized, has a higher affinity for vessel walls, and remains in the circulation longer because it is less likely to be cleared by the liver, making it more atherogenic than larger LDL particles.
The largest HDL subclass particles are associated with the cardioprotective function of HDL. Higher levels translate to lower cardiac risk.
High levels of lipoprotein(a) contribute to atherosclerosis and is not typically helped by statin medications.
Useful in evaluating those at moderate risk for heart disease and determining if more intensive treatment is warranted.
This is a marker for vascular inflammation. High levels indicate increased risk for heart disease and stroke particularly if blood pressure and CRP are also elevated.
Homocysteine is an amino acid inflammatory marker that if elevated has shown a correlation with increased cardiac risk. May be controlled by B-vitamin supplementation.
LDL Particle Number
the greater number of particles within each LDL molecule places a person at an increased risk of heart attack and stroke.
LDL Particle Size
the smaller the particle size, the easier it is for these particles to embed themselves into the arterial walls and cause further damage and blockages.